The First Bitcoin Transaction took place in 2009 January 12!
Satoshi Nakamoto sent 100 BTC to Hal Finney.
Hal Finney (born May 4, 1956) is a developer for PGP Corporation, and was the second developer hired after Phil Zimmerman.
In 2004, Finney created the first reusable proof of work system before Bitcoin. In January 2009, Finney was the Bitcoin network’s first recipient transaction